5 Key Safety Measures to Follow When Working with Borax Decahydrate

5 Key Safety Measures to Follow When Working with Borax Decahydrate

Borax decahydrate is a refined version of natural sodium borate. It is a mild, alkaline salt made up of boric oxide (B2O3), sodium oxide, and water that is white and crystalline. It has wonderful buffering and fluxing ability. Borax decahydrate, found in powder or granular form, is a valuable versatile source of B2O3, especially for processes that benefit from the presence of salt.

Get to Know the Applications of Borax Decahydrate

As we mentioned before, borax decahydrate is such a versatile material that is useful in various aspects or industries, and we have summarized some of its applications below.

  • Personal care
    Borax decahydrate can be found in cosmetics, toiletries, and pharmaceutical products. It is used in contact lens solutions alongside boric acid as a gentle cleanser and buffering solution. Borax decahydrate can also be utilized as an agent of crosslinking for emulsifying waxes and other paraffins that serve as bases for skincare products.
  • Soap and detergents
    Borax decahydrate can be utilized in many cleaning solutions as a pH buffer, oil emulsifier, and light abrasive. Borax decahydrate can be added to powdered hand soaps for removing medium- to heavy dirt seen in industrial settings. It is gentle on the skin while still effectively removing grime. Borax decahydrate is used in formulations to clean hard surfaces like metals, glass, and ceramics. It is also used as an ingredient in hand cleaners, polishes, waxes, and industrial cleaning solutions. In detergents for laundry, it aids in the removal of greasy soils from clothes while also providing alkaline levels, pH buffering, and water softening. It is also used to preserve enzymes.
  • Corrosion inhibition
    Borax decahydrate is used in a variety of aquatic environments to suppress corrosion. It prevents ferrous metals from oxidation and is used in the production of vehicle and engine cooling system formulations, as well as many water treatment chemicals. Borax decahydrate’s high solubility in ethylene glycol makes it ideal for use in automotive antifreeze compositions. Borax decahydrate neutralizes the acidic deposit formed by the breakdown of ethylene glycol and delays oxidation at the metal’s surface. Aqueous solutions of borax decahydrate have replaced chromates in locomotives and other diesel-powered engine coolants.

borax decahydrate msds

5 Key Safety Measures to Follow When Working with Borax Decahydrate

Borax decahydrate, as well as other boron-containing chemicals, can be toxic when consumed, breathed, or applied to the skin. Short-term ingestion of borax can cause stomach discomfort, vomiting, and diarrhea. When you ingest borax, your vomit and feces may become blue-green. Therefore, to avoid those kinds of risks, you have to know and follow several steps below:

  1. Applying the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
    Personal protective equipment, or known as PPE, is equipment used to reduce exposure to dangers that cause serious industrial injuries and illnesses. These injuries and illnesses may be caused by exposure to chemical, radioactive, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other job dangers. Personal protective equipment (PPE) may include gloves, safety glasses and shoes, earplugs or muffs, hard helmets, respirators or coveralls, vests, and complete body suits.
    In working with Borax Decahydrate, you have to wear the appropriate PPE, including:

    • Safety goggles or a face shield: To secure the eyes from splashes and airborne dust.
    • Chemical-resistant gloves and a lab coat: To preserve the skin and clothing from possible spills or splashes.
    • Mask or respirator: To protect respiratory systems when you are working in an area with inadequate ventilation or handling big amounts of Borax Decahydrate dust.
  2. Ventilated Area
    Ventilation systems are designed to reduce exposure to harmful substances by eliminating air contaminants from the workplace. There are two major categories of ventilation systems:

    • General (dilution) Exhaust: a room or building-wide system that draws in air from the outside and ventilates it. The air in the area must be renewed regularly to avoid dangerous material concentrations from increasing during the workday. The use of general exhaust systems is not suggested for most hazardous compounds that pose respiratory dangers.
    • Local exhaust: It is a ventilated, enclosed workplace designed to capture, contain, and exhaust harmful or dangerous fumes, vapors, and particulate matter produced by hazardous chemical procedures. These could include fume hoods and biological safety cabinets.
      To avoid dust and odors, you have to work with Borax Decahydrate in a well-ventilated location. When handling Borax Decahydrate, you can also employ local exhaust ventilation systems or a fume hood to trap any airborne particles or vapors as we mentioned before.
  3. Handling and Storage
    When working with borax decahydrate, you need to handle it with proper care to avoid spills. Borax Decahydrate should be stored in a tightly sealed container in cold, dry, well-ventilated surroundings far from incompatible substances. Also, ensure to keep it far from any source of heat or ignition since it can disintegrate at high temperatures, emitting poisonous fumes.
  4. Avoiding Exposure
    Avoid any exposure in any possible way. Thus, you need to prevent eating, drinking, or smoking while handling Borax Decahydrate. Try to avoid skin exposure with it, but if there is a case when your skin contacts the Borax Decahydrate, thoroughly clean the affected area with plenty of water and remove any contaminated garments. Moreover, properly wash your hands after handling Borax Decahydrate to avoid contamination of food, drinks, or utensils.
  5. Preparation for emergencies
    Before handling Borax Decahydrate, you need to study the Borax Decahydrate MSDS carefully to learn about its qualities and dangers. In the situations of ingestion, inhalation, or exposure to significant volumes of Borax Decahydrate, get medical help immediately and show the Borax Decahydrate MSDS to healthcare specialists. In the event of an unintentional spill, make sure to have suitable spill control items on your hands, including absorbent pads or spill kits.

By implementing these safety measures, you can mitigate the risks connected with handling Borax Decahydrate and provide a safer place to work. Furthermore, please kindly note to always refer to the manufacturer’s or regulatory authorities’ specific safety measures when working with Borax dehydrate.


Borax decahydrate is a natural sodium borate that is a valuable and versatile source of B2O3. Because of its properties, borax decahydrate is a versatile material that is useful in various aspects or industries, such as personal care, soap and detergents, metal, and agriculture industries. On the other side, borax decahydrate can be toxic when consumed, breathed, or applied to the skin. To avoid those risks, people who work with borax decahydrate have to know and follow 5 key safety measures, such as wearing appropriate PPE, working in proper ventilation areas, safety handling, and storage, avoiding exposure to borax decahydrate, and preparing for emergencies. If you are interested in our products for your specific business needs, please do not hesitate to contact us.